(more to come hopefully) Note:- click on image for larger version of images

last update   28-3-2004

Newest additions to any country are firs tin table, note I only leave pictures here for a month or so and then move them into the body of the site, by country , by type and or onto the special pages

AFGHANISTAN(?) Writing has been confirmed as Arabic, but no specific text so could be Egyptian, Iraqi or any other of the UK influenced Arab states


UK 1903 Volunteer with what I have take to be Afghan tang marks


Hilt, blade is unmarked except for writing on tang and Wilkinson London makers mark



Unknown script on tang


Both visible tangs are marked with different text



Wilkinson London marked

added 1/3/04



1888 NCO

added 10/5/04

1895 with modified hilt. The pommel ahs been inverted as have the grips. the slot and all attachments locks etc. have been welded up, it would appear that the grips were fixed before some of the welding/grinding took place, and it is not possible to determine at what time the modifications were made]





More interestingly the frog on the scabbard appears to have been period modified by removing the original belt loop and replacing it with a strap and buckle arrangement. With the strap attached to the buckle a belt would not pass through the resulting loop. It would appear that the modification was done to allow it to attach to a ring, and it is suspected that this is to allow it to attach to a horses tack, possibly Hungarian

added 1/5/04

An 1895 NCO model that has been poorly cleaned up resulting in the apparent loss of the rivets in the crossguard and the almost total loss of the adjusting screw on the muzzle ring. A good example (?) of why care must be taken in cleaning old bayonets.

added 1/5/04

1885 Yataghan trials bayonet with wood rather than the earlier leather style grips. Identifiable by the 17.5mm muzzle ring, only 5000 were made for trials purposes, the final bayonet chosen was the 1895. Many thanks to Bo Amsfelder for correcting the identification I had earlier - I had it as a wooden gripped 1873

added 5/4/04

WWI ersatz bayonet, one of several variations for use on Austrian and German weapons. Very crude manufacture of bent and riveted steel strip. Originally made without scabbards this one has been mated to an Austrian fighting knife scabbard, but will also fit an 1888 one

added 5/4/04


1895 With Zeitler markings


1895  Zeitler  Vien VIII ricasso marking



1895 crossed swords and Hammers are also Zeitler markings


Scabbard has MO makers mark



Grips have counter sunk rivet grips showing reworked nature of blade

added 21/12/03


1849 sword bladed socket


markings on the blade are on the shank of the bayonet



Locking ring is missing the bolt

added 30/11/03



Just freely available is a web frog for the FN FAL Tubular bayonet, there are several variations to this frog both in colour and style - i have heard of around 30 so far. The  interesting thing is that the hilt strap is loose and moves up and down. This is made by Miles Equipment Company in 1951.

added 10/5/04



44 cvl marked 84/98, The front of the frog has been replaced (period) with late war thin leather face that almost appears to be like paper (style of front is more that of one for an 1895 than an 84/98). Frog is marked as 1940 made 4th INTENDENTURA which translates as something like supply department (thank you Adam Lubas). Blade has typical 44 rough manufacture

added 28/3/04

Austrian 1895 with Bulgarian frog, Zbrojovka Praga  Ying and Yang makers mark (see dedicated page on the 1895 ) on the

added 28/3/04


Austrian made 1888


OEWG mark on ricasso



Serial preceded by Bulgarian Lion


VN scabbard

aadded 1-3-04



Ross MkI with extended muzzle ring containing the retaining spring. Complete with correct MkI scabbard



Slightly bent muzzle ring still contains the internal anti-rattle spring, ease of damage is very evident


Canadian acceptance mark on grips



August 1908 manufacture date


MkI scabbard with 1915 date

added 28/3/04

Long Branch made No 4 marked by Canada, only about 8000 No4's were kept by the Canadians for training and use in Canada, the markings on these blades are actually rarer than the No4 MkI

added 3-2-04



Norinco made AKM provided with SVD copies in the USA, these are commercial rather than military blades, but made by the same factories



The pommel is slightly different to the Russian models


The colour of the Chinese bayonets is distinctive, with a semi matt finish

added 8-2-04



VZ33 in white, rather than the German reworked blued finish. The S in the CSZ on the ricasso has been struck out, was this done by the Czechs or the Germans. Tang adn frog stud are marked E Lion 35

added 10/5/04

Czech lion marked frog for the VZ series of bayonets

added 10/5/04

1895 Artillery with he added front sight on the muzzle ring



Adjustable sight on the muzzle ring



Original OEWG Austrian makers mark


GET property of Cetnictvo - Gendarmery of CSR very low weapon number  (identified by Andy of BCN)

added 3-2-04

BFM marked 1895



BFM mark and S lion 1 acceptance mark



Not sure if this is the remains of a mark or random pitting



Unknown Pommel mark


added 21/12/03

Austrian 1895



OEWG mark is over stamped with Czech acceptance mark


Original Austrian eagle remains



CSZ frog stud mark

added 21/12/03



Snider bayonet, found with two different muzzle rings and with both forward and reward facing Quillions, blade is a Yataghan style. Scabbard is brass mounted leather. These bayonets are often quoted as Confederate Slab side bayonet but are from a period after the end of the American Civil war.

added 10/5/04

This is the large muzzle ring variation with a diameter of  22.5mm. There are no marks on this bayonet. Grips are two brass grips riveted to a steel cross guard. Examples can be found with PDL made blades, this one has only a C mark on the ricasso

added 10/5/04

Snider bayonet, found with two different muzzle rings and with both forward and reward facing Quillions, blade is a Yataghan style. This is the smaller muzzle ring variation with a diameter of 19.8mm.  There are no marks on this bayonet. Grips are two brass grips riveted to a steel cross guard. Examples can be found with PDL made blades

These bayonets are often quoted as Confederate Slab side bayonet but are from a period after the end of the American Civil war.

added 1/5/04

UK 1876 modified to fit a Lee Enfield 303



Scabbard is brown leather with brass mounts


Egyptian markings on the blade



Egyptian markings on the blade two faces are marked


Bushed socket to fit 303



UK markings on the top of the blade

added 1-3-04

Remington Yataghan modified to fit 303 rifle



Conversion for Enfield rifle involved sectioning the original cross guard and fitting a new section with the new muzzle ring


German manufacturer mark

added 1-3-04


FANTASY 3 Different blades sold as bayonets for the AK47 rifle added 21/2/04

Sold as "Rare Chinese PLA Bayonet for 56 Rifle *Knife*", this uses a blade similar to the T81 Chinese AK bayonet



Distinctive Hilt


Pommel has a slot and a working press stud but would not mount on an AK


Twin fullers as seen on the latest Chinese bayonets

Short blade sold as for the AK, leather scabbard is similar to Finish scabbards and pre WWII period Chinese ones



Blade marked as AK47 CCCP


Again pommel slot with working button but which would not mount, press stud is very crude




Long version has a blade similar to the Arisaka and UK 1907 blade

Hilts are the same on the long and short versions, but the cross guard is different



Long and short compared for length



Christofle made 1866 with Z serial, interesting inspection marks on ricasso and cross guard. Scabbard has hand painted olive drab finish, thought to be period, scabbard has no markings

added 10/5/04

Interesting conversion of 1866 with wooden inserts into modified grips, held by brass screws. Both fullers are inscribed by original collector who identifies the bayonet as a French model 1874 Gras, the inscription is dated 1877 in Frankfurt. Bayonet is R serialed, frog staple has been turned 90 degrees.

added 10/5/04

An unknown 1866(?) with a makers mark of AC (unknown maker) but no other markings. the hilt shows evidence of having been painted green a long time ago, there was also evidence of black paint on the cross guard and the scabbard

E serialed 1866, indicating a Mutzig arsenal issue weapon, it has however no spine script and the ricasso is marked with a figure 5 on one side and an unknown makers mark on the other. The mark may indicate Belgian manufacture. The rivets on the the hilt are counter sunk brass rather than the steel ones used on normal 1866's

added 1/5/04

I have also picked up a completely unmarked 1866 Chassepot type bayonet with German style squared fullers, no inspection marks, makers marks or anything on either the scabbard or the bayonet itself.

Matching original number son 1886


April 72 made



Renumbered with Z serial showing its use as a side arm


Funcke made

1866 crossguard

added 1-3-04



Probably a converted 98/05 with shortened parallel ground blade and new pommel and grips. The pommel slot is only 20mm not the normal 40mm but slot is typical Mauser T/O type. Metal has all been plated, and the only marking is a C with a small x on the tail - I've seen this mark before but not sure where. I have put this in Germany at the moment but is probably Yugoslavian any help with ID would be appreciated.

added 10/5/04

S14 made by BK, this variation has the fullers wrongly positioned on the blade, so that the fuller almost touches the crossguard, this has caused problems with stamping on the makers marks so that it is only partially visible.

added 10/5/04


S14 Bavarian issued


Original scabbard painted with light grey paint (fieldgrau)


Screwed grips



Odeon made blade, not marked with the more normal Samson Werk. The small "90" is Bavarian serial number

added 4-4-04

Single Etched dress knife -  PIONEER pattern, similar to the 84/98 in style


Etching on blade is commemoration of the owners time in service, the wear on the blade and scabbard shows this blade was carried and not just a draw item



Clearly visible frog wear on scabbard


Puma maker is rarer maker for these types of blades

added 4-4-04

Demag Crank Handle Ersatz (genuine)



Makers mark


DEMAG marking

added 1/3/04


Ersatz, rarer version with the cleaning oil in the top of the hilt


One of the few ersatz with ricasso inspection stamp



Cleaning hole in the top of the hilt, this one has the hole next to cross guard, rather than mid handle

added 1/3/04


jwh 42 marked 84/98, shows French manufacture


Makers mark



Matching numbers

added 3-2-04

84/98 frog Rare Kreigsmarine stamp

added 3-2-04

Czech VZ24 frog modified by the addition of the cavalry strap for use by the Germans

added 8-2-04




1895 Artillery, this version of the Mannlicher bayonet were issued to Fortress Artillery, Engineers and Torpedo men(?)


Near mint hilt


Frog is clearly marked on both sides





Distinctive pommel






added 5-4-04


1895 Cavalry with original scabbard


Distinctive pommel of the 1895 model blades, normal ones have a T backed blade



Hembrug makers marking

added 30/11/03




1935 Infantry, has a distinctive cross shaped blade


round hilt has flat sides

added 5-4-04




P13 bayonet


Bayonet has had a false edge ground onto the blade point. Ricasso has the * mark added as per the 1907's

added 3-2-04

Wilkinson made 1907 in Indian brass mounted scabbard



Locket and Chape were both Brass made rather than the steel of the normal 1907 scabbard

added 30/11/03




Rumanian made Irish Mannlicher, from the 10,000 made for the UVF, this UVF is not the same as the paramilitary UVF of the later Irish probblems


Humpbacked grips of the 1893/1904 Rumanian. The 1893 has the Rumanian eagle on the pommel the 1904 hasn't this is the only variation between the two models


OEWG makers mark on the ricasso shows Austrian Steyr manufacture of bayonets supplied to Rumanian for onward sale



3 digit serial on the cross guard is typical of those on the UVF blades and is usually the only marking. The UVF red hand was applied locally and most are unmarked

added 30/11/03



M49 model with knuckle bow between cross guard and pommel. This one is interesting in that it has wooden grips, most of this pattern M49 seem to have composite grips. Aging of bow and other metals are similar so modification is probably period.

added 10/5/04



Vettereli shortened and bushed for an unknown rifle

added 10/5/04

Vettereli shortened and with replaced grips, in ivory, bone or a pale composite material. The original spring has been cut and re fitted to fill groove.

added 10/5/04

M38 folding bayonet with interesting red finish to the blade

added 28/3/04


1891 TS, with unusual transverse lock arrangement on pommel. Bayonet is mounted on barrel and then rotated to lock on stud


A rather poor example of an uncommon blade, it shows a lot of damage to the wooden grips


Locking mechanism uses press button on pommel end to release lock



Made by Brescia

added 24/1/04


Bersaglieri volunteer unit  bayonet, only 6000 of these blades were made


Looks like the French 1842 with Yataghan blade and steel cross guard



1854 date

added 30/11/03

TS bayonet

added 30/11/03




Training T30, has riveted cross guard, blunt blade


Interesting point shape



Blunt blade without false edge

added 3-2-04


Hoten made Arisaka, has oval washers for screws, 50th series blade


Hoten makers mark on ricasso


Training bayonet, the grips on this model have screws from alternate sides, Identified by Juken 30 as issued to the Tokyo University, the two grip marks and the alternate grip screws giving the identification



only a single screw from each side

added 30/11/03



1912 bayonet


circle z on ricasso shows blade is Czechoslovak export

added 30/11/03



Crudely made G3 bayonet, with rough castings and poorly fitting grips. No markings, but UK SLR pattern blade would probably indicate the Pakistan link



Interesting scabbard manufacture has middle rather than side seams

added 3-2-04






Circled 11 is the mark for the RADOM factory



1958 date is second year of production


Grips are mottled unlike Russian and German models



Leather Frog obverse


Leather frog front

added 6-3-04




Australian made 1907 pattern bayonet


SAP for South African Police issue



South African made Frog from 1942

added 3-2-04



One of 224 FN FAL trials bayonets tested by Sweden in the 60's. This blade came with provenance showing it is one of the bayonets imported into the UK by Anthony Carter and sold in 1977, these blades are unmarked except for the frog wear

added 1/3/04



Ersatz, this version has the twist in the blade behind the cross guard, and what at first glance an 1895 crossguard, however this is roughly made and much heavier than the 1895 ones. The muzzle ring is not even cantered in the cross guard. These are often identified as Austrian, many thanks to Otto for correcting this mis ID

The scabbard is an Austrian Ersatz.

added 10/5/04

M1916 ersatz in ersatz Austrian scabbard, scabbard and hilt are painted with the same colour. This M1916 has German inspection marks on the ricasso and the pommel.

added 10/5/04

1918 pattern ersatz frog, uses multiple layers of thin leather rather than one piece of heavier.

added 10/5/04


Early production VZ24


1923 date on Czech issue mark



Pommel shows multiple re issues

added 3-2-04




star under cross guard


Sultans mark on pommel shows this was Turkish issue (many of these blades were held by the Germans due to the change to the 1890 pattern)


Weyersberg Kirschbaum and Cie Solingen makers mark, date is 1889 so is among the last made (date corrected by Otto from my original 1890 trranscription)



Blade spine marks



added 28/3/04


Bayonet is a US 1905 cut down to 10"  and bought in a Turkish style scabbard. Turkish use is tentative based on scabbard and length


Black handle and blade ground to below fuller depth

added 18/10/03



Unknown "scabbard" a 1907 fits in the web, and I was told it was a scabbard made for tropical use, but the single row of stitches makes me suspicious, although I have been sent pictures of a short 1907 in a similar but shorter web scabbard, again any ideas are welcome

added 10/5/04

Unknown sawback bayonet. It is a volunteer item or possibly an Indian arsenal blade. item came from Scotland, hilt is very similar to the Lancaster Volunteer with steel cross guard and pommel, but is different in detail. MRD is 18mm. All steel has been highly polished and blued. Only marking is an Enfield inspection stamp on the grip, although this may just be a spare grip. Any ideas on the origin of this bayonet would be gratefully received.

added 10/5/04

1888 Volunteer made by Greener, this one has both Greener made blade and Greener pattern scabbard, with throat screw

added 10/5/04

Shortened Lancaster bayonet



Normal Lancaster hilt has leather grips replaced by wood, oxidation of rivets show this to have been carried out some time ago


New grips have transverse slot for unknown reason

This is not the same as the version shown in Skennerton as the point shape is different and there is no plug in the muzzle ring


reshaped point

added 5/4/04


Interesting conversion of a WWII Home guard frog with top strap modified to take a buckle


Close up of modifications


1907 in unknown frog, possibly Mediterranean or Eastern Europe? Frog came via Bulgaria



Leather finish is similar to South African leather but style is not in Carters reference



1938 rework date on the bayonet ricasso

added 28/3/04

1888 with RR ricasso mark, very distinctive grinding marks on the blade



Blade is unusual in having a completely blunt blade and no signs of sharpening

added 1/3/04

Lancaster Volunteer, the obvious distinction on the version is the steel cross guard rather than the normal brass one, interestign as Volunteers often went the other way around replacing a Steel cross guard with a brass one.

added 1/3/04


Quillioned 1907 Naval marked but some marking seem to indicate Australian use


Pommel mark, 3? 3 is also district for New South Wales mark seen on throat piece see below



AC maker is early scabbard producer, scabbard has N mark so is probably the original scabbard, probably with chape replaced with external chape rather than early internal one.



Scabbard shows Sold from Service mark, was it sold to Australia?


N mark on ricasso rather than the later pommel marks seen, this is period correct


NSW mark on throat ahs similar 4 digit serial to pommel although not matched but close



10 1908 shows very early made example

added 1-3-04

Box of chromed tips for the bowie blade tipped blades, box contains 12 but has no marks on it



Fitted to a blade the tip would effectively blunt the blade

added 8-2-04

Original Brown Bess socket bayonet



Blade is marked


early form socket without any locking ring as used on later sockets

added 3-2-04

Early 1856 style Yataghan, German made volunteer



Very early riveted spring, limited to the earliest production models in the UK, not sure of status on Volunteer blades


German makers mark on ricasso

added 3-2-04


1876 socket


Ricasso markings





Sold from Service mark on socket

added 3-2-04


Pommel on Wilkinson made Volunteer 1888, marked to Devon regiment


Is this the same RR mark as seen on the pommel


Nice walnut grips



Sold from service mark and what appears to be a very ornate reduced back to back R marking


Blade marked Wilkinson London, but no military markings or bend test. Could this be a private purchase piece, this may account for the sold from service mark which is only normally applied to military pieces

added 3-2-04


1895 socket with 95 date, on ground ricasso, original marks have been removed


Actually a 76 modified (new made 95's are not common), you can just see the filled original slot



Much clearer slot filling on another 95


This one a 87 made 76 with a 96 conversion date


Difference in 76 (L) and 95(R) sockets


Scabbard leather is brown, with brass fittings

added 3-2-04

Whitworth Yataghan with Indian brass mounted scabbard



Chape shows an Anchor symbol, probably a makers mark rather than any Naval connection


Throat of Scabbard shows unit and weapon marks apparently for Medical Corps, could this be a side arm use of the blade

added 3-2-04

1853 Yataghan Volunteer model made by MOLE

added 30/11/03

1879 artillery with scabbard



Unusual hand guard on bayonet, one of only a few bayonets so made


ricasso stamping

added 30/11/03

One that was photographed for my CD and now part of my collection, late WSC made 1907, locket has used late compression fit locket but used the older style locket with the 3 rivet holes.

1888 with RR marked for reduced in service, replacement grips look home made rather than arsenal, with steel pin rivets

added 11/10/03


WWI Vigilant mirror, sold to act as "periscope" for troops in trenches, allowing them to see without being seen


Hinged clip on rear allows mirror to be attached to a bayonet or other object to get height or reach




added 30/8/03



SVT 40 post war rework, these reworks are reputedly for the Ukraine or some other Soviet Satellite state. This has a different scabbard to my other un reworked examples

added 1/5/04

Luttich Sharpshooters bayonet as used during the Crimean war Bayonet is Belgian made and based on the UK Brusnwick, an uncommon bayonet



Locking mechanism is similar to UK Brunswick


Heavy blade damage, could this be from cutting wire? It isn't that damage seen from "sword" fighting

added 5/5/04


WWII Ersatz socket bayonet uses the 91 Mosin Nagant socket with the SVT blade. reputedly these were made in Leningrad or Stalingrad during their respective sieges


Blade has a serial number and the Iveshk arsenal arrow mark, which may indicate that they were production items rather than cobbled together items



This blade has obviously been buried since it was lost in WWII and shows heavy pitting, the damage to the end of the socket includes loss of the locking ring

added 6/3/04