Czechoslovak Bayonet markings

These markings can be found on pre WWII VZ24 bayonets in 3mm type. The marking indicates the unit and number of every blade and the same marking was put onto a steel disc on the rifle butt. Most of this information came off of the Web however the site is no longer available to reference, so I am reproducing most of the information here, translation is from the Czech and some it is a bit strange, I would appreciate if someone could provide the anglicised versions of the Czech names.

      Due to limitations of HTML I have not been able to use the correct Czech letters for Czech words.


Car Battalions PUV Armoured regiment
AD Artillery Car department PV Armoured train
AZ Car Arsenal PZ Auxiliary medical company
BS Brigade Court and Military Justice S Prague Castle Guard -Presidents honour guard
C Bicycle Battalions SP Machines battalion
CET   SRB Headquarters in BRNO - staff company
CETN Gendarmerie SRBR Headquarters in Bratislava - staff company
D Artillery Battalion SRM Ministry of National Defence - staff company
DOV Regional Reserve Headquarters SRP Land Mil HQ Prague - staff company
DPLP Anti-Aircraft Artillery SRU Land mil HQ Uzhorod - staff company
DPS Division equipment stocks T Telegraph battalion
DSH Training camp at Humenne TDB  
DSj Training camp at Jince-Cenkov TS Heavy artillery brigades headquarter
DSP Training camp at Placecke Podhradie UA Car educational establishment
DSV Training camp at Vyskov UD Artillery educational establishment
DZ Division armoury UJ Cavalry education establishment
FS Financial Guard UL Air Force education establishment
G Military high school in Moravska Trebova UP Infantry education establishment
H Mountain infantry regiment UT Telegraph education establishment
HB Mountain brigades headquarter UUV Armoured forces education establishment
HDB Heavy Artillery brigades headquarters UV Armoured forces
HLD Central aviation works UZ Engineers (Pioneers) education establishment
HLS Central aviation stock UZN Engineers (Pioneers) education establishment
HN Frontier battalion V Horses battalion
HTS Central Telegraph stock VA Military Academy
HVS Central stock of towing horse units VAM Military Archive and museum
HZLS Central military railway stock VH Military Stallions Stables
HZNS Central Engineering (pioneer) stock VCHU Military chemical institute
HZS Central armoury stock VMT Military ammo fabric
IP Instructors school VP River battalion
IS High school for rear line officers VPB Military police Bratislava
J Cavalry regiment - pre 1936 Dragoon VS Military war school
JB Cavalry Brigade Headquarter VT Military penitentiary 
L Air force regiment VTLU Military technical and aviation institute
LDB Light artillery brigade headquarter VV Military prison
M Artillery measuring reserve company VZS Military medical stock
MT Ammo Fabric VZU Military geographical institute
NG National Guard Z Military storehouse
OS Dress stock ZL Railway regiment
P Infantry regiment ZLS Land's Air force stock
PB Infantry brigades headquarter ZN Engineer (pioneer) regiment
PD Infantry Division headquarter ZU Military geographical institute
PDB Field artillery brigades headquarters ZZ Lands armoury


I have only seen one bayonet with these marks and it is marked HB (supposedly a very rare mark) on the pommel, and has been re issued to the Slovaks. However examination of early blades shows polishing that may have removed the markings from the butt of the pommel. It is hard to believe that many of these units would have had large numbers of blades, the idea of armed museum guards for instance is one that is hard to envision.




Pre 1936 weapons for the Czech army were accepted by the military Technical Institute (VTU), it was then renamed to the Military Technical & Aviation Institute. Bayonets are marked on the Scabbard frog stud and the tang of the blade, I also have a 1927 dated blade with the marking on the ricasso. Note that scabbards are often swapped around and may not match the marking on the bayonet, the large number of E3/38 marked scabbards may indicate that the BRNO plant made scabbards for other makers as well (?) 


1922                    A lion in a circle or square

1923                    E then a lion in a circle

1924-1936           E then lion (not in circle) then the last two digits of the date

1937 -                  E# then lion then the last two digits of the date

1945 - 1950         E# then crossed swords then last two digits of date

The # symbol was a number that identified the VTLU that accepted the weapon


E1 Plzen
E2 Adamov
E4 Povazska Bystrica
E5 Viasim
E6 Semtin
E7 Strakonice
E8 Praha
E95 BRNO - post war blades


<--Acceptance mark used from 1918 to 1922

No Example

<--Acceptance mark from 1922 Weapon or 3rd Artillery regiment

Acceptance mark for Bratislava on Austrian 1895-->

<--Acceptance mark from 1922, 8 represents a regiment in Opava

Acceptance mark 1922 on Austrian 1895, accepted with lion in square Banska Bysrtrica-->

<-- Acceptance mark 1923

Accepted 1923 -->

<--1924 to 1939  weapons mark

Lion Marking -->

<--Acceptance mark from 1938, E = acceptance, 7=VTLU at Strakonice, and 38 = 1938

BRNO accepted 1938, Gendarmerie marked VZ33-->

<--Slovak army mark for 1939 to 1945

Plzen accepted Slovak Army -->

<--Post war Marking

BRNO accepted in 1950 -->

  Pommel marks for Frontier Battalion (HN)

Acceptance marks on foreign bayonets used by the Czech army

The early blades used by the Czech army were Austro Hungarian bayonets (i.e.1895 pattern ) which had their original acceptance marks ground off and Czech ones stamped in their place. This was most frequently a rampant lion with a S leading and a a trailing number representing the division that accepted the weapon. It was sometimes combined with a number representing the date.


S1 Praha
S2 Plzen
S3 Litomefice
S4 Hradec Kralove
S5 Ceske Budejovice
S7 Olomouc
S8 Opava
S9 Bratislava
S10 Bansks Bystrica
S11 Kosice
S12 Uzhorod

Circle Z stamps indicate production at BRNO, and double circle Z indicates Bystrica manufacture