By serial numbers researches of bayonets 98k, were at the same time looked for any other interesting markings on bayonets. One of these are markings, well known as property markings of one branch of "Wehrmacht" - the Navy "die Kriegsmarine"(KM). Probably, when their got carbines K98k with bayonets from manufacturers to own deposits, they marked the rifles and bayonets with own property markings. Then were the equipment distributed to KM units and ships. While the activity of Kriegsmarine was zoned to areas - to Nordsee and Ostsee area, the same schema were probably used by markings on rifles and bayonets. Typical form of marking was - "prefix letter (that stand for Nordsee or Ostsee), followed by digits from 1 up to 5 places and could be followed with a suffix letter ". This means, that the standard KM marking was in form "N.xxxx ?" or "O.xxxx ?". These markings were stamped on buttstock disks on carbines K98k and on reverse crossguard of bayonet and reverse side of scabbard body. Bayonets were probably ordered in bunches from the rifle producers, in different KM contracts. From this is clear, that could exist bayonets produced from the same firm, with the same date and in same series that have a close KM property serial numbers. We can make any conclusions from serial numbers, but the estimate of how were produced could be not realised correctly, while many other equipment were marked in same ranges of property markings like small firearms, knives, optics and others.
In dbase were gathered about 250 pieces of bayonets 98k. Thanks to members, that have participated on this research.
The pictures are used only for illustration purpose and are from members of BCN and EBay. When any of the member, that have a picture here, will not publish it on this page, please send me a message, I will then remove the photo or link.
1. Samples of KM marking in form " O. xxxx ", without suffix were found in three bunches, we don't know how were this bunches cut through :
- first group are bayonets produced by Weyersberg and Kirschbaum Company, Solingen, that used logo W.u.K , ordered from Reichswehr in period 1927-30 in range O.1500 - O.5000, mixed with any older refurbished pieces, that comes from period WW1 or later - SG84/98 II.model, but with the same mentioned KM marking, and on SG98/05 bayonets , mainly accepted and reworked with 1920 stamp, for using as Reichswehr property, but produced in period of WW1. In this range of property numbers exist many samples that were stamped on firearms delivered to KM, many Lugers and Mauser pistols were so marked.
By previous mentioned WuK production from 1927-30, exist a opinion, that these samples were KM marked later in 1934-36 period as a part of KM marking with other bunches - first production marked with numeral codes, while not exist any samples with the same numbers from first and later bunches, we need more samples to confirm this.
- other bunch are S/ numeral coded bayonets, dated K for 1934 or G for 1935, and few from Horster commercial production, marked with letter H with sword and accepted with Eagle/49 stamp, probably from time period 1933 - 36, all in range O.200 to O.12000 ,continued with bayonets made in 1937 - 40, marked with full name and in range of KM serials O.12000 - O.35000, KM marking was added to any reworked M39 polish bayonets , that was adopted after Polish occupation in September 1939 and destined for KM. Unfortunately we have great gap between O.24000 and O.34000, in that no samples were confirmed.
- latest known bunch with numbers with new fonts of digits - O.200 - O.5000, on early war produced bayonets,- ,1939,1940, 41cof and 42asw , probably the 1942 was the last year for stamping with the property numbers of KM, these must be heavily examined, while exist a possibility, that KM marking were applied in post-war period.
Pictures of this type of markings from left to right: Nr.1. W.u.K., 1927, O.4479, bayonet with unmarked scabbard, M with anchor on spine, EBay
Nr.2. S/172, 1940, O.34119, matching piece, unknown BCN member
Nr.3. Mundlos, 1938, O.11810, matching piece, MW collection
Nr.4. Horster commercial marking, O.9766, matching piece, MW collection
Nr.5. 41cof, O.532, only bayonet, EBay ?
The picture are here as follows : Nr.1 - E.Pack &S.,1938 , 4010a,O.5303P, match , MW collection
Nr.2 - WKC 1937, scabbard, ? serial numbers, EBay?
Pictures of O.xxxk are from left to right Nr.1 : S.238 G, O.192k, matching piece, MW collection
Nr.2.: S.238 G, O.600k, only scabbard,
Nr.3 : F.W.Holler, 1938, O.15781k, matching piece, MW collection
Nr.4.: P.Weyersberg, 1940, O.23621k, matching piece, EBay
Exist a possibility that more variations of this markings were stamped. One sample were examined with other suffix letter, it is sample of older SG84/98 nA bayonet, that was stamped with " O.57 b ", but without other similar pieces, could be not confirmed the new string of serials, so we will wait for more information in future.
Nordsee property marked bayonets:
The Nordsee type of marking exist in more like 3 basic types of marking, like by Ostsee markings
1. Basic stamping is in form without letter behind digits - " N.xxxx ", exist samples that have the letter N stamped in capital font like by letter O, or in script font. To this still exist various explanation, further research is needed.
- bunch of "W.u.K" marked bayonets from period 1927-30, in range to N.3000, the N letter is normal capital font, many other firearms were marked in this range, Luger, Mauser pistols, signal pistol and diver knives
- other bunch is marked with S/ numeral codes from period 1934 - 37 and commercial production, in range N.5000 - N.10000
- bunch made from period 1937-41 with full name maker logos and letter codes, that was KM stamped in range N.3000 - N.8000, here exist samples, that N letter is stamped in capital font and not in script font,
- bunch with script letter N in front, but exist only one sample and we have assumed is probably a fake.
Pictures from left to right: Nr.1 : WuK ??, N1891, matched
Nr.2.: WKC, 1938, N.3227, matching piece, MC collection ?
Nr.3 Horster commercial scabbard,193?, N.7223, EBay
Nr.4.: W.u.K, ? date 27-30 ,N.981, Su/25 proof, bayonet, LS collection.
Pictures from left to right : Nr.1: W.u.K.,? date 1927-30, N.204 P, bayonet, LS collection.
Nr.2: S.238G, N1777P,7859d, bayonet
Nr.3: Jos.Corts Sn.,1938,4377 l, bayonet GA collection
Nr.4: bayonet SG 98/05, weimar period rework, N.388 P, JS collection ?
Pictures from left to right : Nr.1.: WKC, 1938, N.4714k, matching piece, EBay
Nr.2.: Jos.Corts Sn., 1938, N.14104k, scabbard
Nr.3.: Carl Eickhorn, 1938, N.8042k, 2397 n, matching piece, unknown BCN member
Nr.4.: Coppel GmbH, 39, N.20201k on bayonet, N.23773k on scabbard, that is marked Coppel GmbH 1940., JS collection
5. Type of navy marking with letter "b" followed to KM Nordsee basic marking " N.xxxx b ".
One sample was produced by firm W.u.K. in 1927, marked with " N.1370 b " - PS or JS collection
6. Type of property marking followed with letter "c" next to basic KM Nordsee marking - "N.xxxx c ":
Exist few pieces in range of N.200c to N.2378.c on bayonets produced in period 1937 - 40.
Picture - scabbard, produced by S.178 -Gebr.Heller, Marienthal, in 1936 with nice N.1522.c KM marking, EBay ?
Other types of marking with other letters followed on end of Nordsee marking can be exist, but we have not any evidence of this.