ITALY

Bersaglieri volunteer
 
Total length = mm Blade length = mm   Blade width =  mm  MRD = mm  

 

Bersaglieri volunteer unit  bayonet, only 6000 of these blades were made

 

Looks like the French 1842 with Yataghan blade and steel cross guard

 

 

1854 date


1870 early pattern
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width =  mm  MRD = mm  

Original 1870 with hooked cross guard, missing the press stud, but a very uncommon item with the brass guard


1870 Horn grips
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width =  mm  MRD = mm  

1870 but with horn grips, this one does not have the notch on the crossguard

comparison of the two 1870s


1870 Shortened
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width =  mm   MRD =  mm  
Italy M1870  Vettereli shortened.jpg (52794 bytes)

M1870 Vettereli shortened


1891 Carcano
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  
ITALY_M1891_Carcano.jpg (86841 bytes)

M1891 Carcano 

 

1891 Carcano Marked to San MArco Marine
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
San Marco Marine marked 1891. Only a very small number of troops were in this specialist unit so bayonet is not common


1870 Vettereli shortened
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width =  mm   MRD =  mm  

Vettereli shortened and bushed for an unknown rifle thought to be possibly UK Home guard


Truppe african
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width =  mm   MRD =  mm  

Italy TA bayonet with distinctive "cruciform" blade (thanks to Roberto for correcting the miss nomenclature here, I had identified it as a TS - Truppe Special - as most texts say, actual identification is TA - Truppe African - this blade was made specifically for colonial troops pre 1900)

 

Horn grips, also can be found with brass grips and several other variations

 

 

Distinctive blade shape and makers marks

 

Throat is shaped to accept blade

 

 

Original frog


M1917 with 1895 carcano blade
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width =  mm   MRD =  mm  

A variation of the M1917 that I have not been able to find in the books, this one appears to have a blade from an Austrian 1895 rather than the end of the Vertelli bayonet normally used for this type.


truppe speciale - brass hilt
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              Blade width =  mm              MRD =  mm                           
The TS model is not a common bayonet and the brass hilted version more so. The 1913 scabbard is for the TS but the blade would be newer than the 1913 date


1871-87-16 emergency bayonet
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              Blade width =  mm              MRD =  mm                           
1871-87-16, WWI emergency bayonet looks like the 91 style bit is for the Vettereli Vitale rifle


M1895 Dress variation captured
A walking out/dress bayonet that was not made to be attached to a rifle, or were fitted with Hilt decoration and plating
Total length = 360 mm                  Blade length =248 mm              Blade width = 22.5 mm              MRD = 15.2 mm                           

Dress 1895

 

Hilt has VE under an Italian crown brass insert. (Vittorio Emanuel III, the Italian King during the WW1). Probably a captured piece from long running Austrian Italian campaigns (Italy was allied against Austria and Germany in WWI)

OEWG made

 

thanks to Marco for identification


fixed folding
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

On of various fixed folding bayonets used by the Italians between 1916 and WWII, this one with the lever lock  is apparently one of the rarer types. The small hole in the ring that goes around the barrel is for a rivet to fix the bayonet on the barrel.


berretta folding
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

Berretta folding bayonet

 

Blade once fixed to the rifle could be folded under the rifle, removing the need to remove it from the rifle

 

 

Blade slides forward and back to lock

 

Berretta and Latch lock bayonets, note the difference in the scabbards, with the latch lock needing a frog the Berretta having a belt loop attached directly


M38 Mannlicher carcano
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  
Italy Mannlicher Carcano with replaced grips.jpg (68779 bytes)

Mannlicher Carcano M38, handles have been crudely replaced I have learned that an American company carried out refurbishment of these bayonets fixing gluing on new grips, this is not one of these, the grips being only semi finished soft pine


latch lock folder
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

Latch Lock Fixing to rifle is via a latch lock at the rear of the pommel as opposed to the stud as seen on the normal 38 folder

 

All folders fold under the rifle to guard the blade

 

 

Makers marks and serial on the spine of the bayonet

 

Slot allowing the blade to move for and aft to lock is clearly visible in the half folded position


Vettereli shortened with horn grip
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

Vettereli shortened and with replaced grips, in ivory, bone or a pale composite material. The original spring has been cut and re fitted to fill groove.


M38 red finished blade
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

M38 folding bayonet with interesting red finish to the blade


1891 TS
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

 

1891 TS, with unusual transverse lock arrangement on pommel. Bayonet is mounted on barrel and then rotated to lock on stud

 

A rather poor example of an uncommon blade, it shows a lot of damage to the wooden grips

 

Locking mechanism uses press button on pommel end to release lock

 

 

Made by Brescia


ts
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

TS bayonet


m1 Garand
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

Bayonet for the US M1 Garand rifle, made in Italy

 

Can also be found with a 56 stamp - date(?)

 

 

 

 

 

 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

M1 Garand bayonet made in Italy

 

 

Makers marks on Ricasso

 

Fixed webbing frog on US style scabbard


m1 or bm59 scabbard
M! from Carcano
Total length = mm                 Blade length = mm             Blade width =  mm             MRD =  mm                           
Scabbard for M1 or BM59 Made from converted Carcano scabbard


1891 Carcano
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  
M1891 Carcano.jpg (55847 bytes)

M1891 Carcano

1891 San Marco Marine
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
San Marco Marine marked 1891. Only a very small number of troops were in this specialist unit so bayonet is not common


m38 fixed folder
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

M1938 Fixed folding made by utilizing the blade from the 38 folding bayonet but locking it into position

 

Tang serial numbers

 

 

Knurled end of folding blade can be clearly seen in the slot

 

The original nature of the blade can be clearly seen


smle bayonet from carcano
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

Bayonet made using Carcano blade hilted to suit the SMLE rifles supplied to Italy after WWII, scabbard is UK scabbard with M44 makers marks that has been cut down and an Italian Carcano throat fitted.

 

 

Hilt modified to fit onto the SMLE rifle


bm59
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

Italian BM59, also used on the AR70 based on the US M4 but with plastic handle


extrema ratio
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  
Extreme Ratio commercial bayonet, beautiful bayonet but very expensive and not used as far as I am aware


Commercial
 
Total length = mm  Blade length = mm   Blade width = mm  MRD = mm  

Italian made commercial bayonet based loosely on the extreme ratio bayonet. This was being sold in France as for the Foreign Legion and the blade was marked with their marking but this is spurious. Scabbard is amazingly complicated with an attachment system which tied the blade down around the lower thigh and allowed the scabbard (and hence wire cutter) to be removed from the webbing without taking this off

   

 

 

Modified German 84/98 scabbard with diagonal wire belt hanger, this is similar to mounts on M38 scabbards and other Italian fighting knives hence its placing under Italy