AUSTRIA


1799 Socket
 
Total length =  mm   Blade length = mmBlade width =mm MRD = mm
 Uses a catch on the musket to hold the bayonet in place 
Total length = 555 mm                  Blade length =480 mm              blade width = 25.5 mm              MRD = 21.5 mm                           

blade has numbers on socket and is a non equal cruciform style, I know of the location of a scabbard and may put them together


cut down 1809
Total length =  mm   Blade length = mmBlade width =mm MRD = mm
Shortened socket, not sure if this is a cadet or bubba  

 

1838
Total length = mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
 1838 a typical cruciform socket bayonet with a straight slot, bayonet locks onto a bar attached to the rifle

 

1849 sword bladed socket
1849
Total length =  mm   Blade length = mmBlade width =mm MRD = mm
Heavy sword bladed socket bayonet
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           

 

 

 

markings on the blade are on the shank of the bayonet

 

 

Locking ring is missing the bolt

 

1854
 
      
Total length = mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
 1854 a heavy sword bladed socket bayonet

 

1867 bayonet.
Total length = 703 mm                  Blade length =572 mm              Blade width = 30.4 mm              MRD = 18.5 mm                           

Hard to find full length  Most of these were cut down to the shorter length of the later 1873 Yataghan

 

Made by JUNG

1867 Yataghan shortened
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           

 

Close up of right hilt, showing the sight on the top of the muzzle ring and 5 rivet grips with external spring. Ricasso has GF stamp on it. Unit marks on crossguard

 

Close up of left hilt Maker C&J over W mark on Ricasso

Re gripped 1867 short fitted with w 3 rivet wooden grip, there are apparently 2 and 4 rivet versions as well. Even more interesting is that this is a an NCO version having the pommel ring for attaching trodels (knots)


M1870
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           
  No example


M1870 with shortened blade
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           
austrian 1867.jpg (69995 bytes)austrian 1867 large press stud.jpg (77266 bytes)austrian 1867 hilt and scabbard marks.jpg (135230 bytes)

 

Large press stud on M1870

 

OE/WG marking on scabbard and cross guard markings 

 


1873 Yataghan
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           
This model has short lightened blade used on the modified 67 and 70 models. It also uses a coil spring rather than the earlier external spring

 

 

Three rivet leather grips, LW unit marks on cross guard

 

OEWG mark of maker on blade (Steyr)

 

Scabbard frog stud marked with OEWG for Steyr manufacture

 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           
Three rivet wooden griped variations


1885 Yataghan trials bayonet
 
Total length = 597 mm                  Blade length =469 mm              Blade width = 30 mm              MRD = 17.25 mm                           

Trial bayonet for the 1895 Mannlicher rifle with wood rather than the earlier leather style grips. Identifiable by the 17.5mm muzzle ring, only 5000 were made for trials purposes, the final bayonet chosen was the 1895.


M1886
 
Total length = 373 mm                  Blade length =245 mm              Blade width = 26.8 mm              MRD = 17.5 mm                           

austria 1886.jpg (77874 bytes)

has 17.5mm muzzle ring not the 16.3 of the more common 1888

 

Cross guard markings on 1886

 

Unit markings on 1886


M1888
 
Total length = 373 mm                  Blade length =245 mm              Blade width = 26 mm              MRD = 16.3 mm                           

1888 NCO

An 1888 NCO model that has been poorly cleaned up resulting in the apparent loss of the rivets in the crossguard and the almost total loss of the adjusting screw on the muzzle ring. A good example (?) of why care must be taken in cleaning old bayonets.

1886 or 1888 with removed muzzle ring


1888 NCO Cavalry
 
Total length = 373 mm                  Blade length =245 mm              Blade width = 26 mm              MRD = 16.3 mm                           

With pommel ring and site on top of cross guard


M1890

 

Total length = mm                 

Blade length = mm             

blade width =  mm             

MRD = mm                           

1890, Similar to the 1888 but with a 15mm muzzle ring for the 1890 rifle

 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           
Uses 1886/8 blade but with an 1895 style hilt


M1895
Distinctive bayonet with an inverted blade - the sharp side is upwards towards the muzzle ring and not away from the ring as is more normal and twin rivets standing proud on the cross guard. See 1895 for more information and examples. This is the one of the worlds most made bayonets
 
Total length = 360 mm                  Blade length =248 mm              Blade width = 22.5 mm              MRD = 15.2 mm                           

Rumanian reworked 1895

Zeitler made 1895

1895 with Circle A ricasso mark

AE marked 1895 scabbard

1895 by HWF (unidentified) maker  in original frog

 

Distinctive makers mark

 

 

Austrian Eagle stamp on ricasso

 

Frog stud shows similar mark

 

DRESS 1895 NCO
1895 NCO
Total length = mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
OEWG made 1895 NCO that has been plated and showing its age.


1895 DRESS
 
Total length = 0mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
  Crude 1895 dress bayonet  has no slot but the remains of a press stud hole, the muzzle ring is different to the dress I have compared with with in the pictures. Bayonet is devoid of markings,
 
Total length = mm                 Blade length = mm             Blade width =  mm             MRD =  mm                           
Dress 1895 unmarked and chromed with Austria trodell. Pommel has no mounts for attachment to a rifle


M1895 Cavalry NCO
1895 with the addition of a quillion and a ring in the pommel, these were issued to NCO's as a badge of rank
 
Total length = 360 mm                  Blade length =248 mm              Blade width = 22.5 mm              MRD = 15.2 mm                           
Italian scabbard, but with Austrian Frog and Knot

 

Knot tied through pommel ring and around Quillion

 

 

Pommel  ring detail

 

Unit markings on Pommel are for 22nd ? weapon 198

 

 

Frog is Austrian but scabbard is Italian style

 

Frog is unmarked


M1895 Cavalry
1895 with the addition of a blade type sight on the top of the muzzle ring to adjust for the shorter Carbines barrel
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
  blade type sight on the top of the cross guard


M1895 (German conversion)
During WWII the Germans removed the muzzle rings for commonality with the 84/98, this meant that the bayonet would not be secure on the rifle
 
Total length = 360 mm                  Blade length =248 mm              Blade width = 22.5 mm              MRD = mm                           
1895 converted for German use by removing the muzzle ring

 

 

Manufacturing marking stf is thought to be Steyr

 

Scabbard has OEWG markings


M1895 (German made)
During WWI the Germans manufactured 1895 bayonets for issue to their Austrian allies, some were used by German units many were used post war by others - these are found with electric penciled serials on the cross guard
 
Total length = 360 mm                  Blade length =248 mm              Blade width = 22.5 mm              MRD = 15.2 mm                           
Ernst Busch made 1895 1917 dated on spine

 

Busch makers marks

 


M1895 Dress variation
A walking out/dress bayonet that was not made to be attached to a rifle, or were fitted with Hilt decoration and plating
Total length = 360 mm                  Blade length =248 mm              Blade width = 22.5 mm              MRD = 15.2 mm                           

Dress 1895 no markings on blade

 

Has dummy press stud, there is no locking mechanism in the pommel

 

 

 

 

Press stud is brazed on

Dress 1895

 

Hilt has WE ? under a crown brass insert

 

 

OEWG made


M1891 (Russian)
Total length = 484 mm                  Blade length =425 mm              Blade width = 15.4 mm              MRD = 14.75 mm                           

During WWI Austria captured large  numbers of Russian 1891 Mosin Nagants and produced their own copy of the 1891 bayonet for them, (as well as using captured bayonets). They used a straight slot instead of a dog legged one and are marked with the Austrian eagle and M.A.IX for the makers mark. These were issued in the German style ersatz scabbard  or one of several other variations to the scabbard available


1912
Similar to the 1895 but with lower muzzle ring and the blade is in the more normal position with the cutting edge opposite the muzzle ring, most often seen with Chilean markings
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              Blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           

1912 by OEWG, many of these were exported but some were used by Austria in WWI


UNKNOWN
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length = mm              blade width =  mm              MRD = mm                           

1895 with modified hilt. The pommel has been inverted as have the grips. the slot and all attachments locks etc. have been welded up, it would appear that the grips were fixed before some of the welding/grinding took place, and it is not possible to determine at what time the modifications were made]

 

More interestingly the frog on the scabbard appears to have been period modified by removing the original belt loop and replacing it with a strap and buckle arrangement. With the strap attached to the buckle a belt would not pass through the resulting loop. It would appear that the modification was done to allow it to attach to a ring, and it is suspected that this is to allow it to attach to a horses tack, possibly Hungarian


ERSATZ - Flat strip version
Several different Emergency bayonets were made by the Austrians using flat strip steel, and more conventional looking all steel models see the dedicated page. Various diameter muzzle rings and styles can be found, with twisted and un twisted blades. It is now thought that those found with a twist before the crossguard are Turkish and not Austrian
 
Total length = 387 mm                  Blade length =265 mm              Blade width = 24 mm              MRD = 15.3 mm                           
Fake flat strip Ersatz
 
Total length = 387 mm                  Blade length =265 mm              Blade width = 24 mm              MRD = 15.3 mm                           

Ersatz for 1895, based on muzzle ring diameter. Appears to have a unit marking adjacent to the muzzle ring, and scabbard has Austrian Eagle on frog stud

 
Total length = 387 mm                  Blade length =265 mm              Blade width = 24 mm              MRD = 15.3 mm                           

WWI ersatz bayonet, one of several variations for use on Austrian and German weapons. Very crude manufacture of bent and riveted steel strip. Originally made without scabbards this one has been mated to an Austrian fighting knife scabbard, but will also fit an 1888 one

Total length = 387 mm                  Blade length =265 mm              Blade width = 24 mm              MRD = 15.3 mm                           

Ersatz type for the 1895 Mannlicher rifle. This variant uses a  cross guard similar to the 1895 bayonet but much cruder but using the same twin rivet fixing method. The scabbard has the brass frog stud and finial normally found on the Turkish M1917 ersatz. This is not the first of these found in this style of scabbard. Markings on the blade were restricted to two areas of damage from the clamps used to twist the blade.


ERSATZ - Flat strip version NCO
It may have been emergency production in the middle of a world war but you still needed to mark NCO's
Total length = 392 mm                  Blade length =240 mm              Blade width = 23 mm              MRD = 19.1 mm                           

An interesting variation on the Flat strip ersatz bayonet

 

this one has a quillion added as seen on other Austrian blades of the period

 

 

Tight quillion is similar in shape to that on the 1895 NCO, but is formed from thin rod spot welded on to the centre of the flat

 

Muzzle ring is 19mm for the Werndl rifle

 

Catch shows cut outs on both sides

 

 

Original Austrian Frog and scabbard

 

 

 

Frog stud has a serial number B  31

 

 

1972 Glock knife
Fits on the Steyr rifle using an adaptor

The following information was provided by Reibert to me regarding the knife versions of this

There re FM78 made by GLOCK as commercials also.
Such knives showing a different makers mark and lacks the BH, ( sterreichische Bundesheer), acceptance mark, stamped upon the blade.
You can also find the GLOCK FM81, (with sawback), with commercial makers mark.
There re green and black FM81, used by the Gendarmerie - Einsatzkommando COBRA.
In the Austrian Police Special Forces, (EDOK), also the black version of the GLOCK knives are in use, (private purchased). As far as I know, in Austrian foreign military missions in Africa the soldier s are using the brown version of the GLOCK knife as a private purchased knife.
Also a brown version of the GLOCK FM81, (sawback) comes with a dark blackened blade.
There is  also the famous GSG9, (Grenzschutzgruppe 9), used the GLOCK FM78
From the Bundesheer issued FM78 you can find two versions, ( old version and new version).  The only difference is the crooke of the crossguard. also the bluing of the blades are different sometimes. You can find the FM78 blade in a dark black and a almost red shining bluing.
Eickhorn manufactured a commercial version, (a clone ), of the FM78,
In Denmark a black version of the GLOCK FM78 is currently used as the M96.
Not that easy to find is the predecessor of the GLOCK FM78, the field knife made by ZEITLER, (ZEITLER 76 and ZEITLER 77).

  GLOCK
sterreichische Bundesheer issue
Total length = mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
  sterreichische Bundesheer issue knife

Total length = 287 mm                  Blade length =161 mm              Blade width = 20 mm              MRD = n/a mm                           
Austria Glock fighting knife.jpg (52813 bytes)  there are several variations to this blade.
 
Total length = 287 mm                  Blade length =161 mm              Blade width = 20 mm              MRD = n/a mm                           
Black version of the Glock, both use an adaptor to fit to the rifle

 

ERSATZ PAPER KNIFE
 
Total length = mm                  Blade length =  Blade width =  MRD = 
Half size ersatz paper knife