Sword Bayonets R-T

(last update 06/08/02)

For sorting purposes I have chosen Bayonets with above  12" blades to be classed as "Sword"

(more to come) Note:- click on image for larger version of images

ROMANIA, Russia, Siam, South AfricaSpain, Sweden, Switzerland,

 Turkey,

ROMANIA
Peabody bayonet, similar to the French 1874 Gras, but with longer hilt and without distinctive hilt hump. These blades were also made for Siam but have their markings on the blades as well. There are reports of these being used by the Pontifical Guards but these are as yet un substantiate

 

Original flat top to hilt, not machined as in the Irish cut down Gras blades

 

Ricasso stamp shows manufacture by Steyr in 1883, which is after the reported manufacture dates of the rifle and blade, but matches stamps found on the rifles

 

Cross guard serial number

 

Scabbard serial, unfortunately not matching

 

 

RUSSIA

Winchester 1915, unfortunately the permanently attached frog is missing from this scabbard

added 17/11/2002

Winchester Arms makers mark under the cross guard, one indicator of the Russian issue blade

added 17/11/2002

The scabbard throat is attached with a rivet and not a screw as used on the French 1914, this blade has had a "blunt" false edge nearly 5" long, I have found no reference in any text to this modification

added 17/11/2002

 

SIAM

Siam 1907.jpg (65436 bytes)Siamese contract 1907 with Tiger ricasso mark, and replacement tin scabbard 

Tiger mark

Rework of a Japanese late pattern Arisaka. Marking on the blade is similar to those for the South Manchurian arsenal with a circle and cross bar added. Frog is similar to Japanese pattern but without the rivets used by the Japanese

 

SOUTH AFRICA

south africa 1907 aussie made.jpg (60973 bytes)Australian made 1907
Lithgow makers marks
South Africa 1907 UK made.jpg (82355 bytes)Enfield made 1907 stamped for South African service

South Africa 1907 UK made SA frog.jpg (96596 bytes)

South African made frog with 1941 date.
south africa 1907  marks.jpg (76378 bytes)South African pommel mark and MA ricasso stamps 
south africa 1907 aussie marks.jpg (81996 bytes)Australian markings on ricasso and scabbard. Grips are SLAZ 41, blade is MA 42 and scabbard is Mangrovite 43 
South African Railways made UK1907 pattern bayonet
South Afirica 1907 SAR stamp.jpg (101687 bytes)SAR marking on the ricasso , and South African army acceptance stamp on the frog. It is thought the P stamp is for Police. 

 

Australian made 1907 pattern bayonet

 

SAP for South African Police issue

 

 

South African made Frog from 1942

 

 

SPAIN

Spain 1893 with french scabbard.jpg (76097 bytes)1893 with a French Remington 1914 pattern scabbard 

Close up of Fixed frog on Remington scabbard

SPAIN_M1893.jpg (93849 bytes)

M1893

Ricasso marks

 

SWEDEN

Sweden M1915 naval sword bayonet.jpg (48988 bytes)

M1915 Naval sword

 

SWITZERLAND

1878 Pioneer bayonet, identifiable from the 1881 below by having four rivets attaching the grips, despite references in several books both the 78 and 81 only have a fuller on one side

added 8/11/02

Four rivets on grips

added 8/11/02

Mouth of locket shaped to accept the heavy saw teeth of the blade

added 8/11/02

SIG Neuhausen makers marks on ricasso, note fuller on blade. Cross guard serial number would have matched that of the issued rifle

added 8/11/02

Unmarked obverse ricasso and lack of fuller

added 8/11/02

1878 converted into "Musicians" side arm

added 8/11/02

Distinctive ears on the muzzle ring have been removed

added 8/11/02

Press stud has been ground flush with pommel, and the slot has been filled, other versions have no fixings at all with muzzle ring filled or never machined

added 8/11/02

1881 Pioneer, scabbard for this is identical to that of the 1878 above

added 8/11/02

Only three rivets on the 1881 grips

added 8/11/02

Again the fuller is only on one side of the blade

added 8/11/02

Maschinenfabrik Bern makers mark

added 8/11/02

1899 first model with plain fuller

added 8/11/02

MacshinenFabrik Bern makers mark

added 8/11/02

1899/99 with large diameter rivet in fuller that held the blade firmly in its scabbard, there is also a small rivet model and one with a machined "bar" across the fuller

added 8/11/02

Early versions had penetrating rivet, later ones (like this one) are welded

added 8/11/02

Rivet in fuller, Waffenfabrik Neuhausen maker

added 8/11/02

1889/11 or 1911 pattern bayonet. There is a machined ridge in both fullers to retain the bayonet in the scabbard, instead of the added rivets above

added 22/11/02

Ridge in fuller, Waffenfabrik Neuhausen maker

added 22/11/02

Ridge is in both fullers

added 22/11/02

1900 model, made by modifying a socket bayonet

added 24/5/03

Conversion entailed adding a new section with a muzzle ring onto the blade

added 24/5/03

Added section is crimped into place around the cruciform bayonet blade

added 24/5/03

 a new "pommel" has been formed from the socket end of the socket blade

added 24/5/03

1906, uses the blade of the 1878/1881 pattern bayonet with a new wooden grip later used on the 1914

added 8/11/02

Wooden grips, were first used on this model of bayonet

added 8/11/02

Solingen makers mark on this bayonet, more usual maker is SIG Neuhausen

added 8/11/02

Significance of numbers on the obverse ricasso is unknown, the cross guard serial number is that of the rifle it was issued with

added 8/11/02

Switzerland M1914 Schmidt Rubin saw back.jpg (44908 bytes)

M1914 Schmidt Rubin

Switzerland M1918 Schmidt Rubin.jpg (54961 bytes)

M1918 Schmidt Rubin

 

TURKEY
1874 Peabody Yataghan, converted to side arm status by removing the locking stud and replacing the leather grips with replacement wooden ones. The replacement grips  can be plain or chequered

added 24/5/03

Markings on underside of pommel

added 24/5/03

There are very few markings on the blade, and all metal surfaces have been refinished in a matt black finish which is in good condition

added 24/5/03

Right Grips, with leaf spring

added 24/5/03

Left Grips

added 24/5/03

Turkey.jpg (43768 bytes)1890
turkey 1890 full.jpg (65612 bytes)1890 in leather scabbard
turkey 1890 ricasso.jpg (81542 bytes)Ricasso marks on 1890 showing manufacture by Simson and Co Suhl
turkey 1890 pommel.jpg (76122 bytes)1890 Pommel marks
1903, although similar to the German 1898 the pommel and crossguard are different

added 24/5/03

Straight pommel and curved quillion are different to the German 1898

added 24/5/03

Star mark on pommel

added 24/5/03

Crescent mark on pommel

added 24/5/03

Throat is marked with crescent

added 24/5/03

Turkish ricasso mark indicates German maker

added 24/5/03

turkey 1903 full.jpg (60256 bytes)1903, leather scabbard shows damage due to moisture and drying
turkey 1903 ricasso.jpg (94744 bytes)Simson and Co Suhl markings

1903 converted by adding a plug o the muzzle ring into which a screwed rod can be fitted to take the earthing strap for telegraphy

turkish peabody straightened.jpg (82192 bytes)Peabody bayonet shortened and straightened with modified leather scabbard 
turkish peabody straightened steel scabbard.jpg (82757 bytes)Peabody bayonet shortened and straightened steel scabbard