Sword Bayonets G-J

 Germany, Greece, Holland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan

For sorting purposes I have chosen Bayonets with above  12" blades to be classed as "Sword"

(more to come) Note:- click on image for larger version of images

last updated 26/05/03

GERMANY

Bavarian 1855 border guards bayonet, many texts identify this as an unknown item, but accepted identification now is the border guards.

 

Very pronounced beaked pommel

 

 

Alex Coppel makers mark

FP made S14

S71 bayonet in brass mounted leather scabbard

 

Matching unit marks on blade and scabbard, blade has 1872 spine acceptance stamp
Bavarian Werder bayonet with modified hilt, in brass mounted leather scabbard

 

Rear of pommel shows the grinding used to allow it to mount on a different rifle to original Werder rifle

 

 

Close up of grinding, a two step grind is also available

 

 

Makers mark of W&ST  in an arc of Solingen

 

 

Unit marks on cross guard

 

Leather of scabbard is marked as well, but not legible
germany S71 commercial.jpg (60074 bytes)germany S71 commercial knights head.jpg (83122 bytes)Commercial S71, without fullers and with steel ersatz style scabbard

 

Knights Head makers mark

Germany_1871.jpg (83946 bytes)1871
Germany M1898.jpg (39852 bytes)

G1898 with original leather scabbard

german g98 chromed.jpg (55778 bytes)G98 with chromed scabbard, pommel and blade 
K98 second pattern dated 1905

 

 

1905 date stamp on the spine

 

Pommel inspection stamps

 

Two piece grips instead of earlier single piece wrap around grips

 

Ersatz steel replacement scabbard
71/98 a re-hilted 1861 to fit the 1898 rifle

 

1898 style hilt fitted to the 1861 blade

 

Luneschloss makers mark on ricasso

 

Original 1861 date mark
98/05 aA mS, early version made in 1906 with original scabbard and frog

 

Early point did not have a false edge, these were often ground on later as in this case

 

Markings are for the Wurttenberg Pioneer battalion, the smallest German state they only had the one pioneer battalion. Scabbard is marked to 2 rather than 3 so is not matching but from the same unit.

 

Frog is marked to the 13th Battalion as well so is original frog although 1914 dated

 

GERMANY_M98I05_1st_Pattern.jpg (94426 bytes)GERMANY_M98I05_1st_Pattern_Grip_damage.jpg (86854 bytes)S98/05 aA without flash guard and with partial muzzle ring

 

close up of grip damage on 98/05 without flash guard 

Germany 1898 05 early type.jpg (47950 bytes)S98/05 aA
Germany M1898 05 witrh sawback late type.jpg (54110 bytes)S98/05 nA S
Germany M1898 05 late type .jpg (49151 bytes)S98/05 nA
Germany M1898 05 late type.jpg (49159 bytes)S98/05 nA

Germany M1898.05 late model.jpg (50572 bytes)

S98/05 nA and blued blade

Germany_98-05_with_sawback_removed.jpg (53497 bytes)Germany_98-05_with_sawback_removed_close_up.jpg (90025 bytes)98/05 S abg - sawback removed

 

S98/05 S abg - close up of ground area 

Teeth start further from the cross guard than the true 98/05 bayonet

 

Ersatz scabbard has separate locket similar to the one on the leather and steel scabbard

 

Back of scabbard shows the weld seem.

 

1860 with broken blade, most of these were later converted to the 71/98 by fitting a S98 style hilt to the pipeback blade. Grooved "front" to grip

 

 

Plain back to the hilt.

 

 

Cross guard serial E ?? 198

 

 

Blade has  been bent and broken before the pipe back
German Ersatz 98 05 non ersatz scabbard.jpg (71140 bytes)88/98 ersatz with original 98/05 scabbard (EB47)
german 98 05 ersatz hilt narrow fullers.jpg (88137 bytes)88/98 ersatz 7 groove steel hilt with plain blade with narrow fullers (EB47)
German 98 05 ersatz hilt with parralel blade.jpg (86509 bytes)88/98 ersatz with Parallel blade
Germany ERsatz Unit marked.jpg (127057 bytes)Germany ERsatz Unit marks.jpg (112558 bytes)Ersatz Carter (EB47)

Unit marks on Ersatz bayonet

German 98 05 with 1920 date.jpg (88115 bytes)Germany_98-05_with_V_notched_hilt_close_up1.jpg (116771 bytes)Germany_98-05_with_V_notched_hilt_close_up2.jpg (37579 bytes)1920 date on cross guard of Weimar republic bayonet

 

S98/05 with V notched hilt used between wars period 

 

S98/05 with V notched hilt used between wars period - showing spring under operative press stud  
GERMANY 98 05 aA TRANSITION WITH SAW AND NO MARKINGS.jpg (81687 bytes)germany 9805 aA transitional scabbard markings.jpg (113352 bytes)S98/05 aA transitional 

 

Throat markings on aA transitional S98/05 leather scabbard 

GERMANY 98 05 Na TRANSITION WITH SAW.jpg (89348 bytes)S98/05 nA transitional sawback with leather scabbard 
GERMANY ERSATZ WITH FAG SCABBARD.jpg (96262 bytes)Ersatz with FAG scabbard 
GERMANY ERSATZ WITH CLOSE UP FAG SCABBARD.jpg (125105 bytes)Close up of the FAG markings on the scabbard 
german issue 1866 chassepot.jpg (79920 bytes)Re issued French 1866 Chassepot 
german issue 1866 chassepot scabbard mod.jpg (117079 bytes)Chassepot modified scabbard 
Germany Ersatz1.jpg (53189 bytes) Ersatz 
Germany_98-05_with_sawback_removed.jpg (53497 bytes)S98/05 S abg -  sawback removed 
german ersatz in green.jpg (85693 bytes)Ersatz 
german Ersatx 98-05 parrallel.jpg (89261 bytes)Bavarian 1915 Ersatz with leather look scabbard
german Ersatx 98-05 parrallel leather look alike grips.jpg (116256 bytes)Bavarian 1915 Ersatz with leather look scabbard close up 
german Ersatx 98-05 sawback.jpg (51766 bytes)Bavarian 1915 51 tooth sawback in original 98/05 sawback leather scabbard 
german Ersatx 98-05 sawback scabbard marks.jpg (134395 bytes)Unit markings on leather scabbard for Ersatz 98/05 sawback
german Ersatx 98-05 sawback hilt.jpg (69906 bytes)1915 Ersatz hilt 
German Ersatz EB17.jpg (81505 bytes)Ersatz Carter EB17  
Germany Ersatz EB24.jpg (69129 bytes)Ersatz bayonet - identified as  EB24 by Carter 
germany Ersatz EB47.jpg (90637 bytes)Ersatz Carter EB47
german ersatz museum.jpg (50570 bytes)Ersatz 
Germany Ersatz2.jpg (57041 bytes) Ersatz with different fullers than that above 

 

GREECE

Greece 1903 Italian made.jpg (115051 bytes)1903, with T back blade
Greece 1903 Italian made blade marks.jpg (38093 bytes)Blade showing Italian makers mark, making this the rare version of the blade

 

HOLLAND
1873 Beaumont first pattern converted to later long spring pattern

 

Brass plug fills the original location of the fixing for the original short spring

 

Additional length of spring is evident from moved location of fixing point

 

 

P Stevens Maastricht makers mark on Ricasso.

 

Obverse ricasso

 

1895 Artillery, this version of the Mannlicher bayonet were issued to Fortress Artillery, Engineers and Torpedo men(?)

 

Near mint hilt

 

Frog is clearly marked on both sides

 

 

Back

 

Distinctive pommel

 

 

 

 

 

added 5-4-04

 

1895 Cavalry with original scabbard

 

Distinctive pommel of the 1895 model blades, normal ones have a T backed blade

 

 

Hembrug makers marking

added 30/11/03

HOLLAND_M1895.jpg (89163 bytes)HOLLAND_M1895_markings_closeup.jpg (126621 bytes)M1895 

 

M895 close up of markings 

 

HUNGARY

An example of the 1935 bayonet with a sight mounted to the top of the muzzle ring although the sight is missing on this example

1935 NCO with quillion

1935 Cavalry NCO, with sight and quillion

 

1935 Infantry, has a distinctive cross shaped blade

 

round hilt has flat sides

 

IRELAND

Ireland Gras hilt.jpg (59174 bytes)Ireland Gras hilt mod.jpg (46555 bytes)Ireland Gras stud mod.jpg (51577 bytes)

Gras modified for UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force) for GEW 88 during rebellion 

 

Shaved hilt of Gras

 

 

Lock stud extension to allow blade to lock on weapon other than for which it was originally made.

A French Gras modified to fit the Vertelli rifle as supplied to the UVF - along with similar bayonets modified to fit the GEW88

 

Rivets have been ground flush after refitting grips after plating

 

 

 

 

Slot shows evidence of having been mounted on a rifle several times and is thought to be a honour guard blade rather than a dress blade

 

St Etienne 1876 manufacture

 

ITALY

Original 1870 with hooked cross guard, missing the press stud, but a very uncommon item with the brass guard

1871 same as the 1870 but with horn grips, this one does not have the notch on the crossguard


comparison of the 1870 and the 1871 

 

JAPAN

Murato 18, missing grips and pommel lock. Still has chrysanthemum  (Mum) on crossguard and makers mark on ricasso. Currently I do not know the meaning of the characters on the pommel