Sword Bayonets A-B

Afghanistan, ArgentinaAustralia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil,

For sorting purposes I have chosen Bayonets with above  12" blades to be classed as "Sword"

(more to come) Note:- click on image for larger version of images

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AFGHANISTAN

French 1886 Lebel brought back from Afghanistan, only one of about 30 with any afghan markings and these are restricted to these seen on the hilt. Interestingly there was no evidence of the rifles found. Both white metal and brass hilts with and without quillions were noted.

Dual stamped local made 1888, note odd placing of rivets

1888 with long blade, peculiar to Afghanistan, has Afghan marking on blade and no UK markings at all. Blade has a very wide spine similar to some of the UK volunteer models and the edge is completely unsharpened. Scabbard has integral chape and frog stud on the locket.

Afghan marked 1888, probably locally made looking at quality, although better than many it still shows very obvious machining marks. There is no cleaning hole in the hilt or pommel, but crossguard is marked and there is a distinctive ricasso marking, though not he same marking as reported in Skennerton or seen on other Afghan 88's

 

UK 1903 Volunteer with what I have take to be Afghan tang marks

 

Hilt, blade is unmarked except for writing on tang and Wilkinson London makers mark

 

 

Unknown script on tang

 

Both visible tangs are marked with different text

 

 

Wilkinson London marked

Very early RFI made 1907, possibly even a de hooked one
Local made variation of the 1913/17 pattern bayonet. This is not one of the early ones to come out of the country and I suspect it is a repro for "tourists". In which case is the locket mark the number the guy has made, or is it a real mark

 

ARGENTINA

A French 1866 manufactured in 1868, the quillion has been bent backwards over the hilt but that is the only modification. I know of one more of these that came in a steel mounted leather scabbard - unfortunately this came without one.

Vendor reported that he had picked it up from a flea market in Argentina and delivery was from there, As most South American countries have little dealings with arms such as these I must assume that the bayonet came from there or possibly some other local country. Probably use as a side arm of some sort.

1875 Remington, similar in hilt style to French 1866 and several other brass hilted bayonets

 

This has the un chamfered "Remington" hilt without the muzzle ring cut out of the1866. These blades are not common in full length as many were cut down for use with other weapons, see Argentina for a cut down example

 

German Makers mark

 

 

Distinctive almond frog stud.

Argentian M1891 with brass metal grips.jpg (53136 bytes)M1891 with brass grips
Argentian M1891 with white metal grips.jpg (50525 bytes)M1891 with white alloy grips
argentian M1891.jpg (51069 bytes)M1891 with alloy grips
Argentina 1909 german made.jpg (56668 bytes)Argentina 1909 german made ergentine stamp.jpg (88321 bytes)Argentina 1909 german made weyesberg stamp.jpg (81171 bytes)1909

 

German Weyersberg makers mark

 

 

Argentinean Crest on Ricasso and matching serials on blade and scabbard

argentina 1909 argentinian made.jpg (76088 bytes)1909 Mauser made by Argentinean manufacturer 

 

Argentinean Crest on Argentine made 1909

 

 

Manufacturer marks on 1909 ricasso
argentina 1909 argentinian made makers mark.jpg (92213 bytes)

 

AUSTRIA

Hard to find full length 1867 bayonet. Most of these were cut down to the shorter length of the later 1873 Yataghan

 

Made by JUNG

1867 Yataghan in shortened condition

 

Close up of right hilt, showing the sight on the top of the muzzle ring and 5 rivet grips with external spring. Ricasso has GF stamp on it. Unit marks on crossguard

 

 

Close up of left hilt Maker C&J over W mark on Ricasso

Re gripped 1867 short fitted with w 3 rivet wooden grip, there are apparently 2 and 4 rivet versions as well. Even more interesting is that this is a an NCO version having the pommel ring for attaching trodels (knots)

austrian 1867.jpg (69995 bytes)austrian 1867 large press stud.jpg (77266 bytes)austrian 1867 hilt and scabbard marks.jpg (135230 bytes)1870 with shortened blade

 

 

Large press stud on 1870

 

 

OE/WG marking on scabbard and cross guard markings 

1873 Yataghan, this model has short lightened blade used on the modified 67 and 70 models. It also uses a coil spring rather than the earlier external spring

 

Three rivet leather grips, LW unit marks on cross guard

 

 

OEWG mark of maker on blade (Steyr)

 

 

Scabbard frog stud marked with OEWG for Steyr manufacture

 

AUSTRALIA

1907 made by Lithgow, complete with early hooked quillion. The Australians continued to make the quillioned ones later than the UK but still made very small numbers. This is made in 1914, a year later than the UK stopped production.

Bayonet is unit marked but does not match the scabbard

Frog is a modified Ross frog, and it came with the bayonet.

The damage to the point is very old .

Quillioned 1907 Naval marked but some marking seem to indicate Australian use

 

Pommel mark, 3? 3 is also district for New South Wales mark seen on throat piece see below

 

 

AC maker is early scabbard producer, scabbard has N mark so is probably the original scabbard, probably with chape replaced with external chape rather than early internal one.

 

 

Scabbard shows Sold from Service mark, was it sold to Australia?

 

N mark on ricasso rather than the later pommel marks seen, this is period correct

 

NSW mark on throat has similar 4 digit serial to pommel although not matched but close

 

 

10 1908 shows very early made example

AUstralian No6 trial cross guard.jpg (71126 bytes)No6 trials?

 

What appears to be a 17" No6 trials bayonet, however there are dimensional differences and a lack of markings. The poor quality blade is more like the South African 1907 in forging quality so is probably a fake. Late pattern cross guard with large muzzle ring used for Jungle Carbine trials )
Australian 1907 dble.jpg (59924 bytes)Australian 1907 dble ricasso stamps.jpg (79930 bytes)Australian 1907 dble stitch scabbard detail.jpg (71305 bytes)1920 Lithgow with double stitched scabbard

 

Ricasso marks on Lithgow

 

Stitch line on both sides of scabbard
Double stitched scabbard reworked with large round WWII press stud and phosphate finish. These scabbards were only made for a couple of years in the early 20's so it is strange to see one reworked post WWII as it was an obsolete pattern by then. Throat has been replaced but chape is possibly original period piece, interestingly there is no makers marl on the leather

 

R marks and ^ indicate post WWII rework

 

Blade point shows heavy wear to phosphate finish. I suspect that this is from use in Bayonet practice as it is limited to the point and is longitudinal

 

 

Blade is WWII manufacture

 

 

and has all normal WWII marks

Paratrooper Bayonet, another attempt to make a bayonet a more multi purpose tool. This is a real one to compare against my fake

Reproduction Machete Bayonet MkI

 

based on the 1907 hilt with an all new machete style blade, these were trialed but saw only limited numbers made

 

 

 

 

Canvas scabbard has integral web frog. Some Reproductions can be found with original scabbards as it seems more scabbards were made than blades

Australia M1907.jpg (52790 bytes)

M1907 

 

BELGIUM l

1868 Terssen Carbine

 

Date and serial number on the brass mounted leather scabbard

 

GB makers mark

 

1873 date  on ricasso, V1811 serial number on the cross guard

1882 for the Comblain rifle. Hilt and cross guard is like the 1899 with a slightly more open quillion, the blade is like the French 1874 Gras. Not one of the more common bayonets

Belgium 1889 long.jpg (117263 bytes)Belgium 1889 long markings.jpg (167137 bytes)Belgium 1889 long markings serial.jpg (106759 bytes)1889 long

 

Ricasso and Cross guard marks

 

 

Matching numbers on cross guard and scabbard however the poor condition of the scabbard on this very rare bayonet make it impossible to photograph
Belgium export long version.jpg (53238 bytes) Long Export

Belgium export.jpg (52864 bytes)

Long Export

Belgium M1916.jpg (45665 bytes) M1916

Belgian 1935, this should have a scabbard with a forked attachment to allow a BAR rifle to be used for AA use. This all steel bayonet is very uncommon and the scabbard even more so.

 

This bayonet has very strange damage to the pommel it has broken off just where it should expand to take the normal cross bolt locking system with pommel slot

 

Pommel end is held into place by a simple cross bar

 

 

 

 

remains of original makers marks

 

  

 

 

BRAZIL

 

Belgium 1889 export model.jpg (57268 bytes)brazil 1899 Belgium made marking.jpg (121223 bytes)

M1904 parade bayonet

 

brazil 1899 german made.jpg (77005 bytes)brazil 1899 german made marking.jpg (121286 bytes)brazil mark.jpg (72410 bytes) 1904 German made

 

 

German makers marks

 

 

Beta mark on Pommel indicating Brazilian use of above blades
Brazil.jpg (52291 bytes) Thought to be Belgium export to Brazil