Knife Bayonet 4  .

Eastern Europe 

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 Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, HungaryKosovo, LebanonPoland,  Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Yugoslavia

  Note:- click on image for larger version of images

 

BULGARIA

Austrian 1895 with Bulgarian frog, Zbrojovka Praga  Ying and Yang makers mark (see dedicated page on the 1895 ) 

 

Austrian made 1888

 

OEWG mark on ricasso

 

 

Serial preceded by Bulgarian Lion

 

VN scabbard

bulgaria 1888 blade and scabbard marks.jpg (92262 bytes)

1888

 

Makers marks

 

 

scabbard and Ricasso markings 

1895 with Bulgarian markings made by Simpson and Co Suhl

 

Typical hilt and cross guard

 

 

Simpson marking on ricasso

 

Bulgarian Lion on Ricasso

bulgaria 1895 cavalry.jpg (74792 bytes)

1895 cavalry 

 

made by Hungary

 

Rumanian mark

Bulgarian 1895 NCO.jpg (93617 bytes)Bulgaria 1895 NCO ricasso stamp.jpg (96632 bytes)

1895 Mannlicher NCO

 

Ricasso stamp on 1895, showing both Austro Hungarian and Bulgarian stamps (l-r)

44 cvl marked 84/98, The front of the frog has been replaced (period) with late war thin leather face that almost appears to be like paper (style of front is more that of one for an 1895 than an 84/98). Frog is marked as 1940 made 4th INTENDENTURA which translates as something like supply department (thank you Adam Lubas). Blade has typical 44 rough manufacture

added 28/3/04

Rumania Dress Blade.jpg (88543 bytes)Rumania Dress Blade German marks.jpg (92128 bytes)

Dress Blade made from modified WWII German 84/98

 

German ricasso marking and modified frog hanger, similar to AK47 style hanger

Russia early AK47 model.jpg (101660 bytes)

AK47 1st model, Russian model has frog hanger with wrap around on scabbard split into two on each side.

BIULGARIA AK47.jpg (86966 bytes)

1990 pattern bayonet for the AK74 

 

Heavy blade has deep side grinds to give narrow edge

 

CROATIA

An Egyptian supplied AKM, this version does not have the chocolate brown grips of the more normal Egyptian model, but is distinguishable by the brown "rivet" holding the grips in place

An Egyptian supplied AKM, this version does have the chocolate brown grips of the normal Egyptian model, but does not have any markings on either the blade or the scabbard. It shows a lot poorer manufacturing quality than the Eastern Block  examples or the normal Yugoslavian made models. It is though that the Egyptians may have supplied bayonets to the Muslim sides in the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia but at the moment this is just conjecture

Yugoslavian made AKM

 

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

Austrian 1895 made by CSZ

 

Scabbard is an MO made one

 

CSZ ricasso marking, this is the makers mark and not the Czech acceptance marking

 

 

Is this mark the legs of the Czech Lion?

 

Frog is Czech marked B lion M

 

 

I am assuming this is a unit marking, any details appreciated

1895 with OEWG and unknown ricasso mark

 

Unknown ricasso marking

 

 

Austrian OEWG marks on opposite ricasso

 

Czech acceptance marks on pommel

Hungarian made 1895 NCO model

 

Scabbard frog stud shows divisional marking for Ceske Budejovice (S5)

 

 

Ricasso shows divisional marking for Olomouc (S7)

 

Unknown makers mark of intertwined BB on Czech issued 1895

CZ24 made under German occupation WaA63 marks only

 

WaA63 stamp on frog stud

 

WaA on tang as well, note dark black grips

Austrian 1895 made by MO and used by Czechoslovakia

 

 

MO makers mark on right ricasso

 

S lion 9 mark on left Ricasso, indicates Czech usage and acceptance at Bratislava

Austrian 1895 NCO model  Issued to Czech unit

 

Pommel Marking shows 3 Cavalry issue (3J) pre 1936

 

 

Original Austrian makers mark

 

Added Czech  marking on opposite ricasso of S Lion 8 for an Oppava based infantry unit

czech austrian 1895.jpg (81895 bytes)

Austrian 1895 with Czech markings

 

Czech Markings on blade

 

OEWG makers mark

Austrian made VZ23

 

Czech and Austrian markings

Another  CSZ made 1895 with CSZ made scabbard

VZ23 short, with blade edge in reversed configuration

 

Blade ricasso marked CSZ, scabbard frog stud F XXXXX, the scabbard is not original to blade

 

 

Pommel marked 00036, making this an early one in the run. I am unsure as to the end user of this blade so have left it in Czechoslovakia as the maker

czech t block export.jpg (60727 bytes)czech t block export serial.jpg (63978 bytes)czech t block export grips.jpg (81567 bytes)

T block VZ24 with oversize grips

 

Serial under Pommel and along tang, and oversize grips

 

Swan (?) mark on hilt of VZ24

Czech 23 made VZ24.jpg (83448 bytes)Austria 23 made VZ24 markings.jpg (95598 bytes)

1923 marked VZ24 bayonet

 

Circled lion mark on VZ24

Czechoslovakiwa M1924 .jpg (55071 bytes)

VZ 24

 

VZ24 Ricasso marks and scabbard with German style side screw. 

czech vz24 marks.jpg (16044 bytes)

VZ24 with markings showing manufacture by BRNO (tgf) under Russian control (crossed swords) in 1950 

Czech vz24 export version scabbard stamps.jpg (91646 bytes)

Export VZ

 

Scabbard and hilt markings on Export VZ 

czech vz24 de ringed high eared.jpg (95450 bytes)czech vz24 de ringed high eared marks.jpg (91668 bytes)

VZ24 de Ringed leaving very high "ears" 

 

Ricasso markings on VZ24, crossguard has circled z marking 

yugoslavia 945 stamped close up of stamps.jpg (93550 bytes)

VZ 24 made under German occupation by BRNO factory, marked with 945 manufacturer code on ricasso 

czech VZ24 DOT code blued.jpg (86474 bytes)czech VZ24 DOT code blued scabbard marks.jpg (102513 bytes)

VZ24 DOT 42 coded with blued blade 

 

DOT 42 scabbard marks 

czech VZ24 DOT code polished.jpg (88004 bytes)czech VZ24 DOT code polished marks and waa.jpg (116019 bytes)

DOT42 coded VZ24 with blade in white

 

WaA stamp on scabbard stud 

 

DOT 42 MARKED SCABBARD

czech vz24 DOT ringed.jpg (65466 bytes)czech vz24 DOT ringed markings.jpg (117195 bytes)

VZ 24 DOT coded, with muzzle ring

 

DOT markings and muzzle ring.

Heavily blued post war manufactured VZ24 marked E3 46

 

Marking on tang and not ricasso as pre war models

 

 

CSV over E on blade ricasso

 

Z1 30 scabbard frog markings of pre war scabbard

607 marked blade showing Bystrica production around 1941

 

607 ricasso stamp, opposite face shows the Circled Z Czech marking

 

Pommel marking 7.S, meaning of this is currently unknown

VZ24 manufactured under German occupation, blade is Circle Z marked on one ricasso and has the German WaA stamp A80 on the other

 

WaA stamp A80 predates 945 and DOT coded German made VZ's

VZ24 Variation, probably for a South American country Has slightly different pommel and muzzle ring shapes

 

N block CSZ marking

 

Comparison of standard VZ24 (top) to variation

1924 dated VZ24

 

1924 date on Ricasso

 

8HN unit pommel marks 

Unlikely to be an issue weapon and more likely to be a "homer" but very well done.

 

 

Muzzle ring on unmarked VZ24 type bayonet are not fully removed leaving very high ears

 

Nicely ground UK Bowie style point on blade

Only marking is serial number on the pommel, most likely to be a South American issue blade originally

VZ24 type blade with edge down and not edge up as normal

 

 

Edge down on standard pommel

czech vz33 ringed.jpg (78320 bytes)czech vz33 ringed cetn ,arks.jpg (37904 bytes)

VZ33 with CÉTN markings 

 

Pommel CÉTN markings 

czech vz33 de ringed cetn.jpg (85847 bytes)czech vz33 de ringed cetn ,arks.jpg (86346 bytes)czech vz33 cetn markings.jpg (41848 bytes)

Partially removed CSZ marks on ricasso

 

 

VZ33 de-ringed by Germans in WWII 

 

VZ33 markings 

 

Pommel marks 

VZ33 with FS hilt marking, unfortunately the scabbard is not FS marked. As in all of these blades the CSZ has been defaces. FS is for customs use, as opposed to CETN for the police. This is an uncommon marking

Austrian 1895 with Pommel stamps for Czechoslovak acceptance

CZECH 1958 WITH FULL GRIPS AND SHORT TANG.jpg (90051 bytes)

1958 bayonet with short tang and full grips 

 

Fully enclosed tang

Czech_M1958.jpg (91994 bytes)

M1958 long tang

 

 

"Blind" rivets on long tang 58

Presentation VZ58 with complete lack of fixings to mount on Rifle, complete with stand

 

 

Wooded grips are special to this piece as the long tang and pointed crossguard indicate a late model bayonet was used as a basis for this piece

There are no markings on the bayonet at all

NBC scabbard on VZ58

 

1976 makers acceptance mark on scabbard

 

GREECE

Greek 1895 Mannlicher.jpg (72909 bytes)Greek 1895 Mannlicher St George.jpg (94673 bytes)

Austrian made 1895 Mannlicher

 

St George and Dragon Greek stamp on pommel

 

HUNGARY

Hungary 1895 cavalry.jpg (88170 bytes)Hungary 1895 cavalry markings.jpg (95761 bytes)

1895 Cavalry

 

Markings and muzzle ring site

 

Adjustable sight on top of muzzle ring

A Hungarian made and issued 1895 with bone grips, the cross guard mark is as yet not deciphered

ak47.jpg (50989 bytes)

Hungary AKM First Pattern (identified by Brian

 

KOSOVO

Yugoslavian AKM picked up in Kosovo by a UK para', has the previous owners name scratched into the scabbard. Matching scabbard and blade

 

LEBANON

LEBANESE AK47 1.jpg (93165 bytes)

AKM Type 1 used by Christian Militia probably supplied by Rumania (identified by Brian)

  

LEBANESE AK47 2.jpg (88667 bytes)

AKM Type 2 used by Christian militia, probably supplied by Poland (identified by Brian)

 

 

POLAND

1922 Mauser, this is the first pattern of many for the Polish made Mauser rifles. this is marked ZBr4 for the armory #4 in K.

Poland_Mauser.jpg (89095 bytes) Poland Mauser high ears.jpg (83003 bytes)

Mauser 

with "high ears" from removed muzzle ring

Poland WZ22 Radom.jpg (82240 bytes)Poland WB22 Radom marks.jpg (92882 bytes)

WB22 made by Radom

 

RADOM markings 

 

Polish Army mark

WZ24 Mauser bayonet made by PERKUN, this one has WZ24 marked on the pommel, which is not commonly found. Scabbard is a German WWII model

WB28 bayonet made by RADOM, this has a flashguard fitted as standard

 

 

 

 

Inspection mark seen here on the nut is the same as that found on the flashguard

 

This one came in a German scabbard

 

AK47

 

Circled 11 is the mark for the RADOM factory

 

 

1958 date is second year of production

 

Grips are mottled unlike Russian and German models

 

 

Leather Frog obverse

 

Leather frog front

added 6-3-04

AKM early pattern no sawback and with a mottled red/black grip not the more normal orange of the Polish blades

 

Grey rather than black scabbard, matching numbers

 

Matt grey painted scabbard

Polish AK47.jpg (98575 bytes)

AKM type 2

 

RUMANIA

1893 NCO with bone grips and ring on pommel for knot

 

 

cross guard is marked

 

Phoenix is on pommel

 

and frog stud

 

 

Frog made in 1916

Romanian 1895 scabbard markings.jpg (62875 bytes)Austrian 1895

 

Scabbard marks on Austrian 1895 pattern bayonet see 1895's under Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria

1895 Cavalry made by OEWG with a VN made scabbard

rumania czech vz23 long.jpg (88300 bytes)rumania czech vz23 long double horse head.jpg (117840 bytes)rumania czech 1924 markings.jpg (103050 bytes)Czech VZ24

 

Czech VZ24 with double horse head ricasso stamp 

 

 

Rumanian markings on Czechoslovakian VZ24 bayonet 

AK47 still in original wax paper wrapping

Romania AKM1.jpg (85290 bytes)Romania AKM1 markings.jpg (112919 bytes)AKM1 middle production period 

Markings on AKM1 

Late production AKM Type I, identified by the green nylon frog

 

 

Matching serials

Green Nylon frog

added 24/5/03

 

SERBIA

I believe this is a Serb 1910 that has been de-ringed.

 

Only marking is this on the spine

 

I have included comparison pictures of the hilt with that of an 1895the pommels are slightly longer, the cross guard appears to be the same as the 1895 but the blade is mounted normal way around and the grips are shaped  unlike the Chilean 1895 that has edge down but straight grips

 

 

 

 

Scabbard has German style frog stud, but has twin throat screws.

 

Frog seems to be a modification of a WWI Austrian frog made for German 84/98 scabbards, it has however 2 (rusted away) rivets on the rear face

Serbian 1899 double edged bayonet

 

Made by PLUMB in 1916, this is one of the American made examples, others were made by Yugoslavia and marked AT3 and others

 

 

 

 

Original frog has had the hilt strap replace higher up the frog

 

 

 

 

SLOVAKIA

Czech VZ24

 

Pommel marks

 

 

Bayonet supplied to puppet Slovakia government during German occupation in WWII detail of scabbard markings - only distinguishing feature 

SLOVAK T series VZ24.jpg (73843 bytes)SLOVAK T series VZ24 mountain mark.jpg (73177 bytes)Slovak issue VZ24 with shot blasted finish to blade

 

Slovak Mountain stamp without dates and Rumanian marks on tang

 

YUGOSLAVIA

Ex German 84/98 type III commercial (probably police issue)

jugoslavia 1924 short.jpg (88039 bytes)M48, the 44 mark represents the factory name and although similar to the M24 short indicates a post WWII made bayonet, often identified as Russian
Post WWII reworked German 84/98, refurb consisted of cleaning and re-bluing, replacing grips with new wooden ones and removing the flashguard

 

Original markings left on in most cases

 

 

This blade was originally made by Horster in 1939

 

New serials were applied to frog stud and cross guard

unknown 1.jpg (58127 bytes)

M1956 Sub machine gun

(with thanks to Raymond LaBar)

Jugoslavia AK47.jpg (154958 bytes)Jugoslavia AK47 markings.jpg (174886 bytes)AKM type 2 made in Yugoslavia

 

 

Vibro etched number K6 on blade and scabbard. Serial number is cast into grips and scabbard