Bayonet Mounting Methods

Bayonets are fixed weapons in various ways, from the earliest bayonets that were just pushed into the barrel of the weapon, through various sockets using locking rings, springs, to attachments on the guns themselves. You have bayonets that are fixed on the rifle and swivel forward into the useable position, ram rods that doubled as bayonets and spikes mounted in sleeves under the weapon. They have been mounted above the barrel. to the right, left and below. Muzzle rings have been used to fix one end of the bayonet, or none. Single rings, double rings, and ones that mount onto lugs rather than around the barrel itself.

The following examples show the majority of the mounting systems used.

 

Plug - this is a copy

The hilt of the bayonet was pushed into the barrel to provide a rudimentary pike when you ran out of powder or time to reload. It effectively blocked the barrel until removed. This is the first of the bayonets, and to some extent was developed because the early muskets would only get one or two shots before the troops came face to face, cavalry was still the main attacker and this at least gave a weapon that could be used as something other than a club.

 

Single Slot, no locking ring or catch - this is a Brown Bess copy

Single z slot uses friction and the slot itself to hold the bayonet onto the weapon.

No Slot Uses Catch on Rifle - Prussian 1809

Solid socket has a catch on the rear of the socket that locks into a catch in the front of the rifle.

Single Slot, added locking ring right side mount - this is a Indian Brown Bess converted after 1853

The original single Slot socket has had a locking ring added this prevented the socket being dislodged during use

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Single Slot - Saxon 1750

Slot has an extra leg in it that locks onto front sight and prevents movement fore and aft.

Single Slot with a locking ring Left Side Mount- Dutch Beaumont 1st type

single slot with a locking ring, mounts on left side of barrel

 

Single Slot with a locking ring Right Side Mount- UK 1895

Slot goes over the stud and ends up on the right side of the barrel. The socket weight rotates the bayonet to stay in the slot, this way you can tell which way the bayonet mounts


Single Slot with a locking ring Under Barrel  Mount- Winchester 1873

I had always thought that all bayonets mounted under the barrel, however this is only possible if there is no ram rod, as this has to be removable with the bayonet fixed`

 

Socket with Sprung Catch Danish 1854

a sprung catch over the slot locked the bayonet t onto the bayonet stud


Socket with Rear Mounted Spring Catch - Swedish 1867

Uses a rear mounted locking stud, with a press stud catch to lock the socket into place

 

Split Rotating Socket- US 1873 Trowel
 
Rotating socket, the socket is split and rotated to mount on weapon and then rotated back to lock the bayonet to the weapon

 

 Muzzle ring and rear flat lock no handle  -  US Johnson 

Bayonet uses front socket and flat locking plate, designed to minimize the weight to allow the barrel movement of the Johnson action to work.

 

Socket with Rear Mounted Spring Catch - Swedish 1867

Uses a rear mounted locking stud, with a press stud catch to lock the socket into place

Socket with Rear Mounted Catch - UK No4 and No9

Uses a rear mounted locking stud, with a press stud catch to lock the socket into place Bayonet locks onto 2 lugs at 180 degrees apart, when mounted and twisted a press stud catch under the socket locks into place.

Socket with Rear Mounted Locking ring - Austrian 1849

Uses a rear mounted locking ring missing in this instance


Tubular socket with catch at rear - FN FAL type C Argentinean

uses a rear catch to lock onto the rear of the flash hider on the FN rifles

 

Tubular socket with catch at mid length - South African R4

Belgian FN FAL type C modified with an extended catch to lock onto barrel at mid length. Modification allows FAL bayonet to lock onto rear of AK47 muzzle brake.

 

Fixed bayonet with swivel action to lay under barrel - Italian Carcano

using a level lock to fix the bayonet in the forward position this is one of the scarcer of several variation produced by the Italians between 1916 and WWII

 

Sprung loaded catch with Muzzle Ring - Chinese SKS

Sprung loaded attachment in the socket is fixed to  amount on the rifle, it is pulled forward and the muzzle ring is fitted over the barrel to lock in the forward position

 

Socket with Spring - UK land Pattern 1802

added spring running over the final slot fixes the bayonet onto the rifle

 

Forward Catch with Slide Forward Slot - Czech VZ58

Bayonet is pushed forward onto a catch at the front of the rifle and locks around the front of the catch

 

Forward Catch with rear open ring - AK47
Russia early AK47 model.jpg (101660 bytes)
Early pattern AK bayonets had a catch just behind the muzzle ring and a rear U shaped section that mated with the barrel

 

External Coil Spring - Austria 1887/70
austrian 1867 large press stud.jpg (77266 bytes)
a press stud at the rear of the bayonet uses an external coil spring in the press stud to operate, these were rarely used as they easily got filled with debris.

 

Internal Coil Spring - various

the most common of all mounting systems uses a spring inside the handle operated by the press stud

 

Flat spring - various ersatz flat strip bayonets

the flat springs pass over the mounting stud and fix the bayonet to the rifle


Long external flat spring - various
turkey 1935 leaf spring.jpg (90076 bytes)
a long external spring operates the press stud


Short External flat spring -  various

Uses a shorter spring than the less common long spring version, the shorter spring gives a greater locking effect but increases the pressure to operate the catch

Twin Ring rear catch - various
Turkey twin ring ersatz 1.jpg (105161 bytes)
For the FN FAL twin rings locate the bayonet onto the rifle catch behind the rear ring.

Spring catch within the hilt - US boy Scout

rudimentary catch fixed in hilt uses tension with no locking catch

Slot on opposite side of hilt to muzzle ring  -UK 1888

The rear mounted catch locates onto a stud on the opposite side to the barrel

Front mounted Bar - Argentine Engineer

The original front muzzle ring has been altered to a partial height slot that mounts onto a fixture on the  front of the rifle, In this case the mounts were made after the rifle which had no fixtures to allow a bayonet to be mounted

Above Barrel Mount - Heckler and Koch G3

Several different catches can be found that differ in angle to the barrel but are essentially the same. When mounted the Bayonet lays across the top of the barrel/gas system